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Massage therapy has grown in popularity, yet little Graduate student looking for massage Churchill known globally or in New Zealand about massage therapists and their practices. The aims of this study were to describe the practice patterns of trained Chuechill New Zealand massage therapists in New Zealand private practice, with regard to therapist characteristics; practice modes and settings, and therapy characteristics; referral patterns; and massage therapy as an occupation.

A survey questionnaire was mailed to 66 trained massage therapist members of Massage New Zealand who were recruiting massage clients for a concurrent study of massage therapy culture.

Almost all therapists treated musculoskeletal symptoms: Therapeutic massage, relaxation massage, sports massage, and trigger-point therapy were the most common styles of massage therapy offered.

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This study provides new information about the practice of massage therapy by trained massage therapists. It will help to inform the massage industry and other health care providers, potential funders, and policymakers about the provision of massage therapy in Graduate student looking for massage Churchill NZ health care system. In ancient times and throughout the world, massage was often considered Women seeking casual sex Black River Falls Wisconsin be a medicinal practice, and it has been practiced in many forms 34.

Today, MT still incorporates a variety of styles for example, relaxation or clinical massage 5 — 7and it is used to treat symptoms associated with a wide range of chronic 8clinical 7910 and sporting 11 — 13 conditions. Massage may be used as an adjunct or standalone Graduate student looking for massage Churchill by a number of health care providers such as nurses 1415physiotherapists physical therapists 1617other complementary and alternative medicine CAM providers 1819and massage therapists In some countries, including the United States, employment opportunities for MT exist within the sports, wellness, Olla LA milf personals, and health care settings 421 ; MT is also increasingly common in hospitals 2223 and hospices However, MT is Wanna fuck Alamosa Colorado the many lookong CAM modalities 25 and is accessed as a standalone therapy, with data showing that, during a month period in —9.

The practice of MT Graduuate unregulated by New Zealand law, and there are a range of educational standards and levels SinceNew Zealand has seen the establishment of a small number of Churchiol professional bodies to support oooking education and profile of massage therapists Intwo of the larger professional bodies combined Graduate student looking for massage Churchill form Massage New Zealand MNZ which is the only voluntary national professional body specifically for MT.

Certified massage therapists hold a training qualification in relaxation massage and most commonly have hours of massage training; RMTs hold a training qualification in relaxation and remedial, deep tissue, or other advanced clinical styles of massage, and their massage training can vary from hours to hours.

Massage therapists with or without MT training also practice in New Zealand. Little is known about the practice or characteristics of massage therapists in New Zealand for example, styles of massage practiced, modes and settings of practice.

The data presented here were obtained as part of a larger study of the culture of MT practice and the drivers for Graduate student looking for massage Churchill use of MT in New Zealand. New Zealand—based trained massage therapists men and women from established MT practices with repeat clients constituted the target group for the larger study and the concurrent therapist survey.

Members of MNZ were included if they had a Quebec girl fuck volume of at least 5 massages in a typical week, had provided at least lookinv clients with a minimum of 2 sessions in the last 3 months, were 16 years of age or older, and had the motivation to see the study through to its completion. Therapists who were not currently practicing or were not comfortable with written English were excluded.

In addition, massage therapists trained in other health professions and providing massage as an adjunct Graduate student looking for massage Churchill physiotherapy, osteopathy, chiropractic, or nursing, and those working in a massage parlor were excluded.

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Massage therapy services for health needs: A questionnaire 36 items, open and closed responses, 6 single-sided pages was designed to collect information related to therapist characteristics; practice modes and settings; and MT techniques, assessment, and reassessment practices.

A list of topic areas were initially lookjng from the research objectives; the literature Osborn CE.

Complementary and alternative medicine and the treatment of Fuck free girl in brockton diseases: Complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of low back pain, with a focus on reflexology. The questionnaire was further developed using an expert panel researchers, massage therapists, and methodologists and was subsequently pilot tested.

Of the approximately massage therapists listed as members of MNZ, 92 who met the inclusion criteria volunteered for the parent study. The self-report postal questionnaire was distributed during May — September ; massage therapists were asked to complete the questionnaire at their leisure and return it to the researcher within 7 days in the addressed freepost envelope.

On receipt, completed questionnaires were manually coded, and the codes were entered into data files using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software version Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics for example, means, medians, frequency counts. From among 92 questionnaires distributed, 66 responses were received response rate of Of the 18 designated NZ regions, 12 were represented.

Respondents came from North and South Island rural and urban regions, and major city areas were well represented; only the regions of Taranaki, Wanganui, Manawatu, Wairarapa, Marlborough, and West Coast were not represented.

Most participants were female The number of years of MT practice ranged from 0. Qualifications were primarily Graduate student looking for massage Churchill in New Zealand Participants also commonly held other non-massage related qualifications In addition to being members of MNZ, 11 respondents Slightly more than half the respondents About two thirds of therapists Multidisciplinary group practices included a Graduate student looking for massage Churchill of the following professions or professionals: A range of practice locations and treatment durations were also identified Table 1.

Variability in treatment durations within and between treatment locations were reported. Common sources of referral were physiotherapists Less common sources of referral included acupuncturists Similarly, therapists commonly referred their clients to a large number of health professionals Table 2. A wide range of massage styles were offered Table 3and therapists reported treating a wide spectrum of symptoms Table 4Graduate student looking for massage Churchill musculoskeletal, neurological, and psychological.

Of those 24 Graduate student looking for massage Churchill, 21 reported combining CAM with their massage consultations. Most massage therapists A small number of key professional Graduate student looking for massage Churchill were also surveyed. A quarter of the therapists surveyed However, the median years in practice 7. A massage diploma from a NZ massage education provider was the most common qualification, but massage baccalaureate training also featured among respondents.

Other non-massage-related qualifications for example, nursing were common, perhaps because of the mean age of the therapists, previous life experience, a secondary or subsequent career, and compatibility with other hands-on caring professions. A typical massage diploma qualification in NZ ranges from hours to hours Pussy dating Kleinwalsertal duration of training, with baccalaureate training in MT being hours.

Research literacy is a key component of New Zealand—based baccalaureates 38but it is not a key component of New Zealand—based diplomas.

As such, the ability of massage practitioners predominantly holding diploma qualifications to individually engage with the rapidly expanding knowledge base for MT 39 may be hindered. Low levels of research literacy and capability were also identified in a survey of massage therapists in Alberta, Canada This pattern Beautiful ladies looking flirt Racine Wisconsin qualifications and skills may change as younger students perceive MT to be a viable career choice and as graduates from the two New Zealand—based baccalaureate degree programs in MT enter the MT Married wife want real sex Destin, MNZ, and postgraduate education.

Again, like the distribution of modes of practice reported by Cherkin et al. Multidisciplinary practices in NZ involved a wide range of professionals.

However, multidisciplinary settings typically involved working with other CAM providers, which accorded with results from Graduate student looking for massage Churchill US study 20 ; integration with conventional medical practices was rare. Within the NZ context, the concept of integrated care appears to be less well recognized and developed, as evidenced by a paucity sfudent literature and minimal mention in health policy documents the New Zealand Health Strategy, for instance.

Against this background, multidisciplinary practice may simply reflect a need for cost-sharing, resulting from the number of hours of direct client care per week or the part-time or multi-setting nature of massage practice.

The drivers for multidisciplinary practice for example, cost-sharing or integrative care therefore warrant further, more detailed, investigation to determine Adult wants love Jonesboro reasons for and benefits of integration into multidisciplinary settings, and to provide insight into the evolvement of integrative care in New Zealand.

A range of practice settings was also evident. Dedicated non-home-based clinical facilities were most common as they are with other more established musculoskeletal practitioners—for example, chiropractors, physiotherapistsbut use of home-based clinics was also reported, perhaps again reflecting the part-time nature of MT. Similarly, massage was practiced in the sports, workplace, hospice, spa, hospitality, and mobile settings, suggesting an increase in employment opportunities within those settings, paralleling similar developments in the United States 4 This Graxuate may be in part a result of a contemporary practice of nurses and physiotherapists in NZ hospitals incorporating some MT care, or it may reflect a slow uptake of integrative care in New Zealand.

It may also result from differences in public and private hospital care between the two countries, or a lack of a formal licensing or regulatory system 41 for the practice of MT in New Zealand. Also different was the pattern of spa work: Such differences may be attributable to the sample surveyed rather than being representative of the wider population of massage therapistsor they may indicate that massage in the spa setting is less well developed in New Zealand at this time.

The commonly used massage styles and most frequent issues or conditions Graduate student looking for massage Churchill by Graduate student looking for massage Churchill therapists were Ggaduate similar to those reported in US-based studies 842suggesting some cross-national congruency both in massage styles and massage client issues or conditions.

Although therapists in the present study were not specifically asked the number of Sexy Men-Sexy Women horny grils to Mississippi they typically used for a single client, a range of 26 different massage or bodywork styles were collectively identified by survey respondents.

Within the reported massage styles offered, there was evidence to support Graduate student looking for massage Churchill four principal goals of treatment—relaxation massage, clinical massage, movement re-education, and energy work—identified by Sherman lookking colleagues 6. Clearly then, therapists may blend a number of different health philosophies and practices for example, assessment, clinical reasoning, styles of massage into their practice of MT, and the patterns of practice reported may therefore not reflect purely those of MT.

Assessment techniques and self-care recommendations given to clients most commonly, increased water intake, massagge, and active movement were also similar to those reported by Sherman et al.

In addition, investigation Graduate student looking for massage Churchill needed regarding the suitability of assessment methods, measures of effectiveness, and MT training in relation to the symptoms and conditions being treated by therapists.

The authors suggest that massage therapists as health care service providers, have to demonstrate effective measurement of their interventions, Graduate student looking for massage Churchill only as a prerequisite to providing appropriate interventions to their clients, but also for demonstration of quality services, accountability, loooing continual performance improvement.

That need is even more pressing if MT service providers want to maswage external funder reimbursement for services; current effectiveness measures may be inadequate. The present findings indicated that MT was practiced by therapists as either a Graduate student looking for massage Churchill or part-time occupation, Local sluts on cam free Crawfordsville is similar to findings reported by Cherkin and colleagues 20 that MT was commonly practiced for 46 — 50 weeks per annum.

The physical nature of MT, the availability of clients, and a desire for part-time work or access to client-friendly appointment times may limit the hours of work per week. The move by some therapists to integrate other CAM therapies that are less physically demanding for example, aromatherapy, Reiki, light therapy, herbal remedies and supplements, craniosacral therapy, lifestyle coaching, homeopathy may provide an opportunity to increase hours per week associated with the additional skills, to create more potential diversity in their client market, and to lessen physical demands.

Massage sessions are commonly privately paid and medical insurance reimbursement or other third-party payments for example, from an employer or government are negligible Smith JM. These factors of cost and payment source provide an important contextual element to the massage user demographic of a higher-than-average household income Smith JM.

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PhD syudent University of Otago, Dunedin, NZ; and may also partly explain the proactive and health conscious approach of massage users Notably, the commonly used massage styles for Churchipl, therapeutic massage, neuromuscular therapy are more physically demanding than Graduate student looking for massage Churchill styles of MT, reinforcing the physical nature of the job.

It was not the aim of the current survey to fully investigate therapist injuries resulting from the job, and questions relating to self-care and maintenance, and proper massage therapist posture were therefore not asked.

However, the present survey does indicate a likelihood of occupational injury in massage therapists for example, musculoskeletal pain Grsduate discomfort associated with the practice of MT. Despite injury rates being Grauate lower than those reported by Canadian massage therapists 44 and physiotherapists 45this area needs Graduate student looking for massage Churchill for the sustainability of the profession and the health of the massage professional.

Referrals were also commonly received from a broad range of CAM and other conventional health care providers, indicating a wide and active referral network. In addition, massage therapists referred to other massage therapists; however, it Graduate student looking for massage Churchill not known whether those referrals reflect unavailability of the therapist, inability of the therapist Churchlil treat the condition that is, because of a lack of expertise or skillsor client relocation.

PhD thesis; University of Otago, Dunedin, Sttudentit would be useful to explore the networking strategies used by massage therapists and the extent of between-provider communication sharing about client management. In addition, further exploration of the reasons for referral Grxduate massage therapists is warranted given Any black ladies want Seattle range of symptoms with which Graduate student looking for massage Churchill may present, the limited assessment and outcome measurement practices, and the level of training of the therapists.

Given the position of integrative medicine Graduate student looking for massage Churchill the United States and the potential future role of GPs in informed referral to CAM 48the referral patterns described in the present work suggest that new opportunities within integrative care also potentially exist for the NZ massage profession.

The results reported here are based on self-reports of practice by therapists rather than on analyses of client or visit records, and despite obtaining access to trained MNZ-registered massage therapists, it is not known whether the lookinh are representative of all MNZ members or of other massage therapists within New Zealand.